Resources for Primary Geography

On this page we want to share both resources and ideas to stimulate your own thinking about geography in your primary curriculum.

Key Concepts that we thought about, included:

  • Place
  • Scale
  • Location
  • Space
  • Environment

To help you to think about these and other aspects of the Geography National Curriculum, we have created this key concepts or big ideas in geography list. We also found the Geography Expert  Subject Advisory Group’s national-curriculum-glossary of terms to be fantastically supportive.    We think that this will help both your teachers and pupils think carefully about geography’s key  terms, concepts and big ideas. All relate to subject specific terms that are used throughout the National Curriculum document. We also found Simon Catling’s summary of the main components in the primary geography curriculum to be really helpful.

Please see the summary that we share on the ‘concept led curriculum making’ page of this blog to explain why we feel that a concept led curriculum helps children to ‘think geographically’ so that they can use their geographical understanding to be more informed about their world.

Stimulus Materials that we used.

Leszek Iwaskow, Lead Geography HMI gave this keynote presentation about the aims and purposes of Geography in the primary curriculum to the project. Leszek also shared the following geography-specific- advice and an article that he had recently written that updates this.

When creating our materials we found some of the ideas  shared on the  Geography Expert Subject’s Advisory Group’s website to be excellent.

We also used materials produced by the Geographical Association. We found their advice on assessment  and  assessment without levels to be particularly valuable.

Our Resources

We talked a lot about how to support colleagues in developing a confidence about what different aspects of the Geography 2014 requirements might mean.

The following grids give some ideas of the teacher knowledge that might be required to teach each aspect of the curriculum. they follow the order of the National Curriculum requirements. They also provide you with some geography specific Learning Objectives. Our thinking is that these will enable you to start your planning and they will help you to check that you are developing work that is securely geographical. They are indicative rather than exhaustive. They have been written ‘generally’ and need adapting and amending for use within your setting.  We think that when shared across a school teaching team, the grids will generate productive discussion about the purpose and sequencing of geography in your school.

 Key Stage 1 Locational Knowledge-seven continents and five oceans

Key Stage 1 Locational Knowledge-four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom

Key Stage 1 Place Knowledge-Similarities and differences in human and physical geography of a small area in the UK and a contrasting non-European country

Key Stage 1 Human and Physical Geography-seasonal and daily weather patterns

Key Stage 1 Human and Physical Geography-The location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator

Key Stage 1 Geographical Skills and Fieldwork Please also see the opportunities for local geography and fieldwork within the National Curriculum advice on the Visiting the National Memorial Arboretum page. This also includes information in relation to fieldwork opportunities for Key Stage 2.

Key Stage 2 Locational Knowledge-World

Key Stage 2 Locational Knowledge-Regional Studies


We hope that you find the following ideas in relation to progression in geography useful when thinking about your whole school planning for geography.

We would also encourage you to think about how your curriculum helps children to progress in developing-map-skills-and-understanding.

We also spend some time thinking about the importance of encouraging children to develop geographical vocabulary. We found this vocabulary progression to be supportive of our ideas.

Many of our schools use activities that involve using photos in primary geography education to develop children’s geographical understanding . We found this list of possible photo activities helpful.


Over to you

We very much hope that the materials above help you to create a geography curriculum that is engaging and purposeful for your children in your setting, and at the same time we very much hope that the materials help to give your teachers in your school a confidence about what quality learning in geography might look like. Please just use the ‘reply ‘ facility on this page if you would like to share any thoughts or resources with us. Enjoy your curriculum making!



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